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|How to Repair:
Water Damaged Ceiling
handyman. This job is a good example of a previous repair attempt that failed. As
can be tricky, even for an experienced drywall Drywall ceiling repairs in many of
these types of repairs it is essential to have the right tools, proper brushes and a
knowledge of how to apply texture.
A ceiling repair should blend in and not be obvious. At times there may be a
texture or a pattern that is unusual and may not be an exact match but 99% of the
time if done properly it will never be noticed.
We begin with the ceiling at the left. Though it is not too easy to see the left side of
the ceiling has a patch attempted by others. The picture below is a close up of the
area. The cracks and stains are clearly visible.
It must be determined if the source of the water damage has been repaired. If
so, the first step is to apply a coat of stain sealer. Water stains, as in many
types of stains, can be indelible. If simply painted over with available, the best
few. Apply one medium coat and allow to dry.
In some repairs it may be necessary to remove drywall and install a new
piece. In our repair pictured here it is already done. Now we want to apply
tape and plaster over the cracks. My preference for this type of repair is
fiberglass mesh tape. It is self-stick, easy to apply and very strong.
On top of the tape is the first coat of plaster (joint compound). In this job I
used Durabond 20, the number indicates working time. It dries quickly and
additional coats can be applied right away. The first coat is thinner than
subsequent coats, usually three in total.
Once the tape dries the next step is to get the ceiling as level and smooth as
possible. For this I use a wide knife, 12-15" wide. The plaster is pulled evenly
across the area directly over the texture. It is important to get consistency,
even lines and smooth coats. If done right there is very little sanding involved.
Repeated layers of plaster (mud) are used until the broader area is generally
Generally I will take the area to be repaired and extend the knife blade 3/4 of
the width into the good area.
Finally, the final step is to apply the texture. In my arsenal I have 15 or so
different brushes for applying texture (see below). With experience I know
which brush for a specific texture. If you try this repair my suggestion is to
experiment with various brushes. For the plaster it is wetted down say 1:1
water to mud. Once mixed I will use a piece of drywall to test my batch. It may
need more or less water to get a perfect match.
The picture below is the finished product. Not a line or a shadow is visible.
Single Crows Foot
Double Crows Foot
Stucco Dash Brush
Knock Down Knives
Stipple Texture Brush